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Pharmacology

Pharmacology is the study of the uptake and use of drugs by the body. It comprises (1) pharmacodynamics, the study of the responses elicited by drugs in the
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SUPPLEMENTS

Many dietary supplements are commercially available (Figure 1-8). These are classified by the FDA as neutraceuticals, products that are administered by mouth and are not drugs. Most are
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FEEDING PUPPIES

Once puppies are weaned, they should be meal fed, not offered food at all times. Food should be presented to the pups twice daily for 20 minutes each
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TYPES OF FOOD

Commercial diets are those produced in bulk by pet food companies. Many varieties of diets are available, and no one diet is best for all dogs; dogs, like
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PREGNANCY

Animals that are pregnant or nursing, or active performance animals (e.g., racing, mushing, agility) have different energy requirements than animals on a maintenance plan. Pregnancy The following recommendations
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SPECIFIC FEEDING REGIMENS

When determining what an animal should be fed, the first consideration generally is the number of calories, or energy requirement for that animal. We can calculate the basal
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NUTRITION AND BASIC SCIENCES

Parasites—Examples of parasites contained in raw meat that complete their life cycle and reinfest the environment after ingestion by dogs include the fish tapeworm (Diphyllobothrium latum) and giant
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ORPHAN PUPPIES

Ideally orphan puppies should be put on a lactating bitch whenever possible. No other product resembles bitch’s milk in nutrient content, and bitch milk contains compounds that cannot
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